About Kragujevac

Kragujevac is one of the largest cities in Serbia and the administrative centre of the Šumadija District. It is located in the valley of the river Lepenica , surrounded by the  slopes of  Mt. Rudnik , Mt. Crni Vrh and Gledić mountains .

The name Kragujevac comes  from ’’kraguj’’ , the Serbian name for cinereous vulture . In the Middle Ages, this bird was used for hunting  , these days is represented on the city’s coat of arms .

Kragujevac has been thought of as Serbia’s ’’number one ’’ city at various times in history :

  • it became the first modern Serbian capital when Milos Obrenovic restored Serbian statehood ( 1818/1841. )
  • the first Serbian constitution the Sretenje Constitution was proclaimed in the city ( 1835 )
  • the first newspapers in Principalities of Serbia ( 1834 )
  • Serbia’s first grammar school founeded in 1833
  • first university ( 1838 )
  • first theatre ( 1834 )
  • the country’s first court of law was established here ( 1820 )
  • first pharmacy
  • the first cannon was cast in 1853
  • first aquarium…

Today you can be briefly transported to those bygone times by taking a relaxing stroll and visiting the cultural and historic complex called ’’Milosev venac’’ , comprising the Old Church built in 1818 and the Assembly building from 1856.

During World War I, the seat of many state institutions – the Supreme Army Command was housed within the court house buliding .


October in Kragujevac Memorial Park , also known as Šumarice Memorial Park ,is a memorial complex erected to commemorate the innocent victims. Among the dead were hundreds of high school students . As you walk through the park , you will see many monuments, the most striking of which is the Monument of Executed Pupils, which commemorates the 5th grade pupils of a primary school in Kragujevac who were executed by German forces . The white concrete slab split in two is shaped like the Roman number V, which transforms into a bird with broken wings-a symbolic representation of youth tragically cut short as it was preparing to fly out of the parent’s nest .

In the post-war period , Kragujevac continued to develop its industry . Its main products were passanger cars, trucks and industrial vehicles . The biggest industry was Zastava Automobiles , which at one point employed  tens of thousands people .

After a tour of the landmarks of modern Serbian statehood situated at very heart of the city, you can relax at one of the many cafes, coffee houses and restaurants nearby .

Foremer  forests have been replaced with vineyards and orchards , yielding fruits used in the production of wine and the plum brandy known as šljivovica .

The Šumadija region is also famous for a drink known as the ’’Šumadija tea ’’- mild šljivovica brandy boliled  in water and caramelised sugar . While it’s usually drunk during the colder months , you simply must taste it no matter what time of the year you visit Kragujevac.


Kragujevac is also the venue of numerous culture events,  most notably the celebration of :

  • The City Day ( May 6th )
  • Great School Class ( October 21st – peacetime reminder of the massacre of schoolchildren by German forces )
  • Arsenal fest ( at the end of june )
  • Fica fest
  • Joakim fest…

And for the end we will quote Czech historian Konstantin Jireček :

” Belgrade is Europe , but if you want to see a true Serbian town , visit Kragujevac . ”